မိူင်းၸွမ်ပွင်ၸိုင်ႈ တီႇမေႃးပွတ်းဝၼ်းဢွၵ်ႇ
  • Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste  (Tetum)
  • República Democrática de Timor-Leste  (Portuguese)
တီႇမေႃးပွတ်းဝၼ်းဢွၵ်ႇ
တီႇမေႃးပွတ်းဝၼ်းဢွၵ်ႇ
ၸွမ်ပိဝ် မိၵ်ႈမၢႆ
ၶေႃႈၶၼ်ပၢၵ်ႇ: Unidade, Acção, Progresso  (Portuguese)
Unidade, Asaun, Progresu  (Tetum)
(ဢိင်းၵလဵတ်ႈ: "Unity, Action, Progress")
ၵႂၢမ်းၸိုင်ႈမိူင်း: "Pátria" (Portuguese)
(ဢိင်းၵလဵတ်ႈ: "Fatherland")
ၾၢႆႇ:Imor Leste (orthographic projection).svg
ဝဵင်းငဝ်ႈၸိုင်ႈ
လႄႈ ဝဵင်းယႂ်ႇသေပိူၼ်ႈ
Dili
8°33′S 125°34′E / 8.55°S 125.56°E / -8.55; 125.56ၵူဝ်ႇဢေႃးတိၼဵတ်ႉ: 8°33′S 125°34′E / 8.55°S 125.56°E / -8.55; 125.56
ၽႃႇသႃႇၵႂၢမ်း ၸႂ်ႉၼႂ်းလုမ်း 
National languages
လွင်ႈၵိူဝ်းယမ်
Demonym
  • East Timorese
  • Timorese
  • Maubere (informal)[1][2]
မဵဝ်းမိူင်း Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic[3][4][5]
လူင်ပွင်ၸိုင်ႈ
• ၸွမ်ပွင်ၸိုင်ႈ
Francisco Guterres
• ၸွမ်ၽွင်းလူင်
José Maria Vasconcelos
တႄႇတင်ႈ
• ပိုၼ်ၽၢဝ်ႇလွတ်ႈလႅဝ်းသဝ်းၶေႃ
(တီႈ ပေႃးတူႉၵၢဝ်ႇ)
1975ၼူဝ်ႇဝႅမ်ႇပႃႇ 28
• မၵ်းမၼ်ႈ လွတ်ႈလႅဝ်းသဝ်းၶေႃ
2002မေႇ 20
ဢေႇရိယႃႇ ဢၼ်
• ႁူမ်ႈ
15,007 km2[6] (5,794 sq mi) (ၸၼ်ႉ: 154)
• ၼမ်ႉ (%)
တေႃႉတႄႉ
ႁူဝ်ၼပ်ႉၵူၼ်း
• 2019 လၢမ်း
1,387,149 [7] (ၸၼ်ႉ - 155th)
• 2015 သဵၼ်ႈမၢႆႁူဝ်ႁိူၼ်း
1,183,643[8]
GDP (PPP) လၢမ်း 2019 
• ႁူမ်ႈ
$7.221 billion
• Per capita
$5,561[9]
GDP (nominal) လၢမ်း2019 
• ႁူမ်ႈ
$3.145 billion
• Per capita
$2,422[9]
HDI (2018) 0.626[10]
ၵၢင် · 131st
ငိုၼ်းတွင်း United States dollarb (USD)
ၶၢဝ်းယၢမ်းၼႃႈလိၼ် (UTC+9)
ပိူင်သၢႆလူတ်ႉ မိုဝ်းသၢႆႉ
ၶူတ်ႉတႄႇလီႇၾူင်း +670
ၶူတ်ႉISO 3166 TL
Internet TLD .tlc

ၽိုၼ်ဢိင်မႄးထတ်း

  1. Hicks, David (15 September 2014). Rhetoric and the Decolonization and Recolonization of East Timor. Routledge. ISBN 9781317695356. 
  2. Adelman, Howard (28 June 2011). No Return, No Refuge: Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231526906. 
  3. Shoesmith, Dennis (March–April 2003). "Timor-Leste: Divided Leadership in a Semi-Presidential System". Asian Survey 43 (2): 231–252. doi:10.1525/as.2003.43.2.231. ISSN 0004-4687. OCLC 905451085. “The semi-presidential system in the new state of Timor-Leste has institutionalized a political struggle between the president, Xanana Gusmão, and the prime minister, Mari Alkatiri. This has polarized political alliances and threatens the viability of the new state. This paper explains the ideological divisions and the history of rivalry between these two key political actors. The adoption of Marxism by Fretilin in 1977 led to Gusmão's repudiation of the party in the 1980s and his decision to remove Falintil, the guerrilla movement, from Fretilin control. The power struggle between the two leaders is then examined in the transition to independence. This includes an account of the politicization of the defense and police forces and attempts by Minister of Internal Administration Rogério Lobato to use disaffected Falintil veterans as a counterforce to the Gusmão loyalists in the army. The December 4, 2002, Dili riots are explained in the context of this political struggle.” 
  4. "Between Constitutional Diffusion and Local Politics: Semi-Presidentialism in Portuguese-Speaking Countries" (2010). APSA 2010 Annual Meeting Paper. Retrieved on 25 August 2017. 
  5. Beuman, Lydia M. (2016). Political Institutions in East Timor: Semi-Presidentialism and Democratisation. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. ISBN 978-1317362128. OCLC 983148216. Retrieved on 18 August 2017. 
  6. East Timor Geography.
  7. ထႅမ်းပလဵၵ်ႉ:"Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 April 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  8. Population by Age & Sex. Government of Timor-Leste (25 October 2015). Archived from the original on 13 November 2019။ Retrieved on 29 January 2020
  9. 9.0 9.1 Report for Selected Countries and Subjects. Retrieved on 4 May 2019
  10. Human Development Indices and Indicators: 2018 Statistical update. United Nations Development Programme (15 September 2018). Retrieved on 15 September 2018